Category: CSS133



1 / 116

Criminal justice
administration involves the
courts, police and ________

2 / 116

Stake in conformity' as a
cause of crime was
propounded by___

3 / 116

It can be deduced from the
definition of the
functionalism that crime is
blamed on the

4 / 116

Persons who have violated
the criminal law by engaing
in muder etc are called__

5 / 116

Technically, crime is
composed of two elements;
the act itself and ___

6 / 116

High division of labour is a
charcteristic of ____

7 / 116

Physiological, psychological
social as well as
_factors are important in
determing why an individual
comits crime

8 / 116

Skyes defines criminlogy as
the study of the social
origins of criminal law, the
administration of criminal
justice the causes of
criminal behaviour and the
_and control of crime

9 / 116

A violation of criminal law
constitutes a violation of the

10 / 116

The cultural transmission
theory was postulated

11 / 116

The three elemments of
social norms are folkways,
__and laws

12 / 116

Sutherland and Crassey
defined criminology as the
body of knowledge
regarding _________ and _________
as social phenomena

13 / 116

_Is the process of tagging,
defining, identifying,
segregating, describing,
emphasising and evoking
the traits that are
complained of

14 / 116

Little division of labour is a
characteristic of

15 / 116

Differential association
theory is refered to as

16 / 116

Ceasare Lombroso is
an___ Physician

17 / 116

The eighteenth century
understanding of crime
emphasises the
omnipresent temptation to
which all human kind was

18 / 116

Durkhiem identified two
types of societies, these are
__and organic solidarity

19 / 116

The control theory of crime
was propounded by___

20 / 116

Deviance on the other hand
is the violation of folkways

21 / 116

The proponent of labelling
theory is

22 / 116

Persons whose actions
gave way for the conditions
of their victimization are
refered to as ___

23 / 116

The feminists are of the
view that crime arises

24 / 116

Stigmatization leaves the
deviants with the
impression that he is bad,
and so he does ______

25 / 116

Anomie as a concept was
used in relation to the
causes of crime by__

26 / 116

Penology deals with an
aspect of the criminal
justice process known

27 / 116

Persons who have not been
known or detected are
refered to as criminals___

28 / 116

Sociologists see the
breakdown of ________ as the underlying cause of
social problems

29 / 116

Three basic body types
were distinguished as signs
of criminality, these are;
mesomorphs, ectomorphs

30 / 116

Drop -outs, drug adicts and
area boys can be likened to
___ according to the mode
of individual adaptation

31 / 116

A violator of folkways
undergoes a
__Where he viiolates the
expected social behaviours
of defined roles

32 / 116

Criminology is best seen as
a social science which is
concerned with the aspects

33 / 116

The marxist beleives that
crimnal behaviour arises
from the wider ________
Or social structure of
politiccal economy

34 / 116

The social reaction to the
initial action is called

35 / 116

The main focus of the
feminist criminologist is on

36 / 116

Persons who have been
tried and convicted for
particular offences by law
courts whether or not the
offenders have committed
the offences alleged are
called criminal by___

37 / 116

The theroy of punishment in
the 18th century stated that
punishment should be
__With crime committed

38 / 116

Criminality is used for
behaviour that violates
laws, while Perversion is
assigned to behaviour that
does not conform to

39 / 116

The psychoanalytic school
believe that crime and
delinquency are a
consequence of imbalance
__Factors of the sub
conciouse mind

40 / 116

These psychoanalysis
factors are___, ___ And___

41 / 116

The interractionist
criminology is based on the
basis of Erving___Analysis
of crime

42 / 116

To study crime, the
criminologist tries to identify
the individual and the

43 / 116

The term Con-men in crime
refers to ___

44 / 116

The interractionist theorists
believe that behaviour
should be regarded not so
much in terms of what it
means to others and
society in general but what
it means to ___

45 / 116

Penology is the study of
penal sanctions or ______

46 / 116

Shaw and Mckay are of the
view that___ influence
individual behaviour to
either commit crime or
abstain from crime

47 / 116

A violation of criminal law
constitutes a violation of the

48 / 116

The labelling approach to
crime is first based on the
assumption that for
someone to be called
deviant, that person must
have broken a _________

49 / 116

Social norms are concrete
behavioural rules or
guidelines that specify
appropriate and

50 / 116

__is always the result of
deviant behaviour

51 / 116

Crime is said to be
functional when the society
has a
characteristics and proper
actions of a social

52 / 116

Psychoanalysis theory
opined that Crime is as a
result of ____ Factors

53 / 116

Corrupt practices like
bribery and extortion are

54 / 116

Categories of crime are;
victimless crimes, property
crimes and___

55 / 116

The labelling approach to
crime is also based on the
assumption of _______

56 / 116

Criminologists recognises
what determines and why
individuals commit crime
and juvenile delinquency as
well as the steps
neccessary in

57 / 116

Victimology is the study and
of victims of crime

58 / 116

An initial action committed
by an individual is called

59 / 116

Marx claims that crime is
the product of

60 / 116

The attempt to achieve a
culturally approved goal by
unconventioanl means is

61 / 116

Law is an act or ommission
in violation of criminal law
committed without defence
or justification and
sanctioned by the state as
a felony or misdemeanor.
This definition was given by

62 / 116

According to Emile
Durkhiem (1893), crime is
as a result of a neccesssary
consequence of the
existence of a collecctively

63 / 116

Criminology means the
scientific understanding of
___and ___

64 / 116

The differential association
theorists beleive that
criminal behaviour is a___

65 / 116

___ criminology is the basis
of Sigmund Freud's
analysis of crime.

66 / 116

The feminist crime
therefore arises from
frustration, sub-service

67 / 116

The functionalists beleive
that it is the abnormal
functioning of the
components of the society
that leads to criminal

68 / 116

is of the school of

69 / 116

The theory of human
ecology was postulated

70 / 116

The most significant of the
classical school of thought
was the idea of _____

71 / 116

The "Atavists" or genetic
remnants of the primitive
humanity find it difficult to
be law abiding because
they are___

72 / 116

Criminalistics is the
methods of investifation

73 / 116

The central point of the
symbolic interractionist
theory is that criminal
behaviour should be
regarded not so much in
terms of what it means to
others and society in
general but what it means
to the _____

74 / 116

The norms that are looked
upon by the members of a
society or a group within
the same society as being
extremly important and the
violation of which will
normally result in severe
punishment from the
society or group is called

75 / 116

Symbolic interractionism is
based on the study of ___
And ___

76 / 116

Theoretical basis of the
school of thought in
criminology can be grouped
under; psychoanalysis,
feminism and ___________

77 / 116

In the course of defining
crime, Emile Durkhiem
divided law into 2 parts;
criminal laws and

78 / 116

These theorist claim that
the mesomorphic body
types were more likely

79 / 116

Instinct gratification
represents the _______
of the sub concious mind

80 / 116

The component of the sub
concious mind that
mediates between the
contrasting needs of the id
and superego is

81 / 116

The marxists believe that
criminal behaviour arises
from the wider social
conditions or social
structure of___economy

82 / 116

The functionalist theory
sees society as a___

83 / 116

Cesare Lombroso argued
that criminals are born__

84 / 116

Empiricle research is done
for analysing
with regards to arrest,
convictions and sentencing

85 / 116

The question often asked in
criminology is "why do
some peole commit crime
and ________

86 / 116

Crime is said to be
dysfunctional when the
its capacity to provide for
the well being of its

87 / 116

Transgressors of mores
face the inposition of
shame, ostracism and

88 / 116

If the id or superego over
powers the mediating force

89 / 116

Offences universally
accepted everywhere and
at all times as crime is

90 / 116

The concept of alienation
was used by___

91 / 116

Strain theory portrays a
deviant as a person torn

92 / 116

A student who knows that
he/she has an examination
but goes to night parties
instead of reading and
decided to cheat in order to
pass is refered to as a___

93 / 116

In the above definition the
emphasis is on the function
of law and the efficacy of
the administration of justice
in the
_And control of crime

94 / 116

Crimes are classified
according to the ___ of the

95 / 116

The major player in the
Marxist school of thought

96 / 116

The study that refers to how
organisms of different
species can live together to
their mutual benefit is

97 / 116

The proponent of the
feminist perspective is__

98 / 116

An active player in the
functionnalist school of
thought is___

99 / 116

Vulnerable group of the
victim of crime refers to___

100 / 116

A person who has suffered
from emotional,
psychological, economic
and social loss is called__

101 / 116

Living a conventional life
involving acceptance of
both cultural goals and
cultural means depicts___

102 / 116

Another name for
"undetected offender infact" is criminals___

103 / 116

The major branches of
criminology are penology,
victimology, criminalistic,
empiricle research, method
of investigation and ________

104 / 116

An example of victimless
crime is___

105 / 116

are approved ways of
behaviour which are
passed from one
generation to another

106 / 116

The branch of criminology
that is concerned with the
scientific study of victims is

107 / 116

Some criminals are
clasified as _______ by the positivist school of

108 / 116

One of the authors of the
psychoanalytic theory is

109 / 116

Where criminal youths are
closely connected with
adult criminals, it is said to
be a criminal___

110 / 116

Criminologists usually focus
more on 'how, and why'
Crimes are committed
rather than
__And providing proof of

111 / 116

Victims who are regarded
by the larger society as fullfldged members but are
discriminated against are
called socieconomically__

112 / 116

The componenet of the sub
concious mind that
represents morality and
conscience is

113 / 116

Offences that are
pronounced illegal because
the laws of a particular
society have declared it so,
is called___

114 / 116

Differential association
theory was propounded

115 / 116

Social groups create
deviance by making rules
which if violated constitutes
deviance and by attributing
those reules to a particular
person and labelling him as

116 / 116

Cesare Lombroso (1836-
1909) was credited for his
develoopment of___

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