Category: CSS246



1 / 150

allows the rich
nations and corporation to get richer
because they have the capital and power
to enforce trade agreements that favour
their interest

2 / 150

The recomendation of licensing of PSC
has to be made by

3 / 150

Private security personnel and
fundamental to the successful governance
of the company.

4 / 150

Security officers are often trained to
perform arrest and control procedures, as
well as operate emergency equipments

5 / 150

The type of conflict that is internal to an
individual and perharps the most difficult to
analyse and manage is called

6 / 150

Conflict arising from the need to manage
the interdependence between different
organizational sub-units is called

7 / 150

As a general rule, specialization increases
workers productivity and ______________

8 / 150

The copying of copy righted materials by
unauthorized means is known as

9 / 150

_is an
unauthorized access or intrusion into a
computer system.

10 / 150

_______allows management to devise
standard procedures for subordinates to

11 / 150

Is the process
of distributing authority throughout an

12 / 150

is the
retention of decision-making authority by a
high-level manager

13 / 150

In addition to providing the framework for
effectively selecting private security
officers, the Ministry of Interior
and_____________on Guidelines calls for
a formal mechanism to establish minimum
training requirements certified by a
regulatory body

14 / 150

___________is saddled with the
responsibility of managing and controlling
of information.

15 / 150

The largest foreign or non-indigenous
private security company in Nigeria is

16 / 150

A crucial element of security management
is coordinating the many
_____________Within and outside the firm
so that the organizationn runs smoothly

17 / 150

The legal powers, rights and
_of private
security personnel are obscurely and
confusingly located across a range of fields

18 / 150

External threat to security resulting from
inetrnatiional hostilities and aggression that
characterized the cold war era has been
replaced with

19 / 150

Is the
unauthorized recording of a musical
broadcast on radio, television or a live

20 / 150

The regulation and licensing of PSC fall
under the jurisdiction of the ministry of

21 / 150

The first private security company
providing uniformed guards in Nigeria was
established in the year

22 / 150

PI Kits Includes DVR Kits, survellance kits

23 / 150

One of the basic understanding of the
is that they
may not get all they need to do their work

24 / 150

Law enforcement use the private sector's
specialized knowledge and

25 / 150

The types of conflict are; intrapersonal
conflict, interpersonal conflict and

26 / 150

can be
described as that aspect of security
designed purposely to provide protection
for specific infrastructure particularly those
infrastructure considered critical

27 / 150

Clerical and cleaning jobs are done by

28 / 150

The structure of a security business must
be consistent with its

29 / 150

Advantages of the Private Security Industry
include the following except ___________

30 / 150

Private security have access to the
community through
__communincations technologies

31 / 150

Private security companies operating
without licences and witout regard to
standard and basic security principles is
refered to as

32 / 150

Using technologically advanced listening
devices, eaves dropping can be done on
traditional telephone lines and even

33 / 150

Law enforcement can prepare private
security to assist in

34 / 150

The Nigeria Security Civil Defence Corps is
headed by the _____________

35 / 150

The oldest of these private security
associations is

36 / 150

In direct response to the government's
decision to increase the licence fees for
guarding companies, other assocications
were founded in

37 / 150

The private security addresses the ability
or neglect of the
_to provide
protection for its citizens

38 / 150

The Nigeria security and civil defense
corps (NSCDC) was formally referred to as

39 / 150

The unauthorized duplication of sounds or
images only from a legitimate recording is

40 / 150

Risk management are principally
concerned with the protection and
conservation of corporate

41 / 150

Cetralization is the retention of decisionmaking authority by a

42 / 150

The task of protection is complex and
aggravated by
_.and international terrorism

43 / 150

PGCs stands for

44 / 150

The descriptive term which implies triming
of small amount of money from many
sources and diverting these slices into
one's own or accomplice's acount is called

45 / 150

Both _____________and_____________is
compulsory for security guards

46 / 150

private security companies
_____________ Serve as sources of
intelligence gathering

47 / 150

The US on foreign policy and the
consequent campaign against terrorism,
brought about the need for the
reinforcement of the Us military forces in
fighting wars in the name of combating

48 / 150

CCTV is used for more security coverage
in place of ________________

49 / 150

Spying is also referred to as

50 / 150

___________is essentially an exhaustive
physical examination of the premises and a
thorough inpsection of all operational
systems and procedures

51 / 150

Armoured car guards usually protect

52 / 150

Two way radios are portable equipments
used mainly by security officers in the
course of their duty. This is used mostly
because it is

53 / 150

The type of conflict that arises in a dyadic
relationship is known as ____________

54 / 150

In cases of riot where groups engage in
wanton destruction of lives and properties,
it is not nessasry for private security
guards to in
dislodging the rioters and resolve conflict.

55 / 150

Intrapersonal conflict leads

56 / 150

Private security can also be divided into
proprietary services

57 / 150

Security personnel also perform
_____________ Control at the building
entrances and vehicle gates

58 / 150

PMCs provide specialized services that
_advice and training

59 / 150

CCTV means_____________

60 / 150

The job of an administrator in an
organization is defined to include planning,
conflict management and ____________

61 / 150

An Example of a threat which can damage
infrastucture is __________

62 / 150

As a result of the private security guards'
inability to carry firearms,
compulsorily a part of their operations.

63 / 150

___________is a Protective service
provided by one entity, specializing in such
services, to another entity on a
compensated basis

64 / 150

As Stemming (1988) argues for the
commercial user of private security, any
policing strategy must be proven

65 / 150

This security association focuses on
training and

66 / 150

The framework of jobs and departments
that make up any organization must be
directed towards achieving the

67 / 150

Cameras Includes Body Worn Cameras,
Bullet Cameras, and ____________

68 / 150

These specific and confused forms are
and bootlegging

69 / 150

The organizational chart describes the
command and responsibilities of officers of
a Security firm

70 / 150

The Institute for Security and Open
Methodologies (ISECOM) defines security
as "a form of protection where a separation
is created between
_and the

71 / 150

The first private security outfit providing
uniformed guards in Nigeria is

72 / 150

One of the operationalization of riskmanagement alternatives include

73 / 150

Besides bonuses for time spent with the
company, a further series of additional
payments are expected to be added to the
basic salary package except _________

74 / 150

refers to the security departments that exist
within businesses or corporations

75 / 150

The basic guard training covers chapters
related to the basic legal framework,
security procedures, health

76 / 150

The security of hardware and its
componenets are essential for the overall

77 / 150

Staff with various positions are otherwise
known as _____________

78 / 150

The fundamental human rights declaration
came into eistence as a result of revolution

79 / 150

Private security can develop relationships
so that private practitioners know whom to
contact when they need help or want to
report and

80 / 150

Many security officers are expected to
have _____________ Threat training and
emergency crisis training.

81 / 150

Generally human insecurity has been one
of the major factors that have been a
serious threat to

82 / 150

Another important reason for the growth of
private security sector is that of

83 / 150

According to Sutherland (1939) white collar
crime is defined as an offence committed
by a person of a respectability and high
social status in the course of his or her

84 / 150

Security checklist is usually the backbone
of the security

85 / 150

Private Security Companies serve as an
additional _____________ Resource in the
fight against crime

86 / 150

Private security can coordinate plans with
the public sector regarding evacuation,
transportation, food and saving lives

87 / 150

In Nigreia, the private guards act of 1986
prohibits privae security companies from

88 / 150

A good hybrid system consists of

89 / 150

Example of critical infrastructure include

90 / 150

According to_____________, “Human
rights represent demands or claims which
individuals or group make on society, some
of which are protected by law, while others
remain aspirations to be attained in future.

91 / 150

In the realm of security affairs, states still
claim the prerogative of creating and

92 / 150

List of other services that PSCs and PMCs
provide include

93 / 150

Security threats involve not only
conventional foes such as nation-states but
also non-state actors such as

94 / 150

Coordination is the bedrock of the

95 / 150

Information security can be defined as a
means of protecting information from any
illegitimate access and use, theft ,
amendment or malicious attacks or

96 / 150

The number of people who report to one
manager or supervisor is called

97 / 150

One of the problems facing private security
guards in Nigeria is __________

98 / 150

This trend has been followed in
_____________especially where the state
lack the technical know-how so far as
security matters are concerned.

99 / 150

system is the
combination of property management and
contractual line services

100 / 150

The private security sector is divided into
two categories; Private Military Companies

101 / 150

Magna Carta of England (1215), the United
State Declaration of Independence (1776),
the French Declaration of the Rights of
man and the citizen (1789), the American
Bills of Rights and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights are all
connected to the struggle for

102 / 150

According to the National Legal Systems
'regular' private security guards operate
under governance of the ministry of

103 / 150

As crime remains a high priority issue,
many turn to_____________or their

104 / 150

Sources of conflict in an organization is
divided into 3, these are structural conflict,
role conflict and ___________

105 / 150

On the otherhand,
are those
operations provided by a professional
security company that contracts its
services to a company

106 / 150

A critical on-site examination to ascertain
the present security status, identity deficits
or excess, determine the protection need
and make _________ recommendations to
immprove the overall security of the

107 / 150

___________is reposible for the integrity of
the information disseminated throughout
the company system

108 / 150

Proprietary security operations are those
that are " _" or
controlled entirely by the company
establishing security for its operations

109 / 150

There are at least
private security associations in Nigeria

110 / 150

The unauthorized recording of the prerecorded sounds as well as the
unauthorized duplication of original art
work, label, trademark and packaging is

111 / 150

The expansion of private
In Nigeria and
Africa generally is a key factor in the
growth of private security both in size and

112 / 150

Spying involving corporation is known as

113 / 150

A second critieria for obtaining license to
perform private guarding activities is

114 / 150

If two sub-units in an organizational system
have differentiated goals and are
functionally interdependent, conditions
exist for conflict which is called

115 / 150

The concept of risk management allows
risks to be handled in a _____________
Manner using long held management

116 / 150

The purpose of any private security
company or any private instijtution is first
and foremost the concern on how to

117 / 150

The ways of managing organizational
conflict is called

118 / 150

In the organograme of the NSCDCs the
least officer is called ____________

119 / 150

The four basic components of
organizational structure include job
specification, departmentalization,patterns
of authority and

120 / 150

Equipment that is not carried by security
officers but which many officers have in
their vehicles for maintening crime scene is

121 / 150

On the other hand, delegating jobs
increases the need for
managerial_____________ and

122 / 150

Is a crime
which is nonviolent but the end could be

123 / 150

One of the reasons for the growth
eperienced in the private security sector in
recent times is _____________

124 / 150

The computer program that replicate
themselves and harm the computer system
on a network without the knowledge of the
system is called

125 / 150

An application for licence shall be
accompanied by such fee as the
_____________may prescribe

126 / 150

The structural organisation of security firms
can be classified depending on the

127 / 150

Piracy takes
_specific and often confused forms

128 / 150

Quality Circle' is a concept which
emphasises increase in

129 / 150

Private security personnel are in reality not
different from ordinary

130 / 150

Audio Equipment: Includes Analog

131 / 150

Audio Equipment: Includes Analog and

132 / 150

PI Kits Includes DVR Kits,
_____________and, Sunglass Kits,

133 / 150

One of the basic criteria for obtaining
license to perform private guarding
activities is

134 / 150

_____________is a company which, for
itself or under contract with
another,transports currency, securities,
valuables, jewellery, food stamps, or any
other item that requires secured and
insured delivery from one place to another
with armed personnel.

135 / 150

Blasting and carrying away of the entire
safe are the methods most commonly used

136 / 150

Private security officer is required to make

137 / 150

compulsory for security guards

138 / 150

A rational and orderly approach as well as
comprehensive solution to problem
identification and probability determination
is called

139 / 150

Many trained security officers carry
weapons such as

140 / 150

Improvement in security requires changing
old perceptions and

141 / 150

Halogen security company limited was
incorporated in _____________

142 / 150

Private security can "force multiplier"

143 / 150

Cognitive strategies of coflict management
is otherwise called _____________

144 / 150

Is a state of
disagreement over a particular issue or
group of issues over which there is conflict
between workers and employers

145 / 150

Self defence, crime combat, escort/public
security are some of the arguements for
the carriage of arms by

146 / 150

A good risk management program involves
_____________ Basic steps

147 / 150

Risk identification is to make the task of
risk analysis more _____________ By
establishing a base from which to proceed

148 / 150

Act (Cap 367) of
Guides the
licensing, control and adminstration adn
prohibited activities offences and penalties
rregarding PGCs.

149 / 150

The consequences of the provision of
security by the private sector are global,
involving the formulation of basic premises
of international _____________politics.

150 / 150

Conflcits arising from sets of prescribed
behaviour is called ___________

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